The Anthropocene
Springer Briefs in
Springer Briefs in
( PSP)
Stand alone Books (SAB) Announcements
News Events
13 July 2020 Award Ceremony
Books Podcasts Workshops

Peer Reviewed Subseries

Other Subseries


About us






Copyright &

Areas (Policies)
Regions /States

Springer Verlag

PSP logo

SpringerBriefs on
Pioneers in Science and Practice (PSP)

Edited by
Hans Günter Brauch,

AFES-PRESS, chairman
Free University of Berlin (Ret.)


On the author

Nils Petter Gleditsch: Pioneer in the Analysis of War and Peace – Presented by Peter Wallensteen. Springer Briefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice No. 29 (Cham – Heidelberg – New York – Dordrecht – London: Springer, 2016).

ISBN (Print): 978-3-319-03819-3
ISBN (Online/eBook): 978-3-319-03820-9
DOI: 10.1007/ 978-3-319-03820-9

Free download of the Open Access Ebook
Order a printed copy of this book on the Springer Website


Important Links on Nils Petter Gleditsch
Selected Videos with Nils Petter Gleditsch
Books by Nils Petter Gleditsch

  • As Editor of Journal of Peace Research for 27 years, former President of the International Studies Association and the recipient of several academic awards, he has a high profile in peace research and international relations
  • Addresses key topics in peace research
  • This book is the only one of its kind - there will be no Festschrift or autobiography

This book presents Nils Petter Gleditsch, a staff member of the Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO) since 1964, a former editor of the Journal for Peace Research (1983-2010), a former president of the International Studies Association (2008-2009) and the recipient of several academic awards as a pioneer in the scientific analysis of war and peace. This unique anthology covers major themes in his distinguished career as a peace researcher. An autobiographical, critical retrospective puts his work on conflict and peace into a broader context, while a comprehensive bibliography documents his publications over a period of nearly 50 years. Part II documents his wide-ranging contributions on globalization, democratization and liberal peace, on international espionage, environmental security, climate change and conflict and on the decline of war and more generally of violence as a tool in conflict.

Personal retrospective & What’s next—Bibliography—Time Differences and International Interaction —Focus On: Democracy and Peace—The Treholt Case—A Review of the Literature—Armed Conflict and the Environment. A Critique of the —The Liberal Moment Fifteen Years On. Presidential Address, International Studies Association—Whither the Weather? Climate Change and Conflict—The Decline of War—The Main Issues—The IPCC, Conflict, and Human Security

About the Author


Nils Petter Gleditsch (born 17 July 1942 in Sutton, Surrey, UK) is a Norwegian peace researcher and political scientist. He is Research Professor at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). In 2009, Nils Petter Gleditsch was given the Award for Outstanding Research by the Research Council of Norway. In 1982 he was convicted (with Owen Wilkes) in Norway of a violation of the national security paragraphs of the penal code and given a suspended prison sentence. After studies in philosophy and economics Gleditsch became in sociology at the University of Oslo. In 1966–67 he read sociology, social psychology, and international relations at the University of Michigan. Since 1964, Gleditsch has worked at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), first as a student, later as researcher. He was Director of PRIO in 1972 and 1977–78. From 2002–08 he led the working group 'Environmental Factors of Civil War' at PRIO's Centre for the Study of Civil War, funded as a Centre of Excellence by the Research Council of Norway. From 1993 to 2013 he also was a part-time Professor of political science at NTNU. Gleditsch was editor of Journal of Peace Research 1983–2010. He served as President for the International Studies Association (ISA) 2008–09. He is a member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters (DKNVS) and the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (DNVA).

Among his books in English are: (coed., 1980): Johan Galtung. A Bibliography of His Scholarly and Popular Writings 1951–80; (with O Wilkes, 1987): Loran-C and Omega. A Study of the Military Importance of Radio Navigation Aid; (co-ed. with O Njølstad, 1990); Arms Races – Technological and Political Dynamics; (co-author with O Bjerkholt; Å Cappelen, 1994): The Wages of Peace. Disarmament in a Small Industrialized Economy; (co-ed. with O Bjerkholt; Å Cappelen; RP Smith; JP Dunne, 1996: The Peace Dividend; (co-ed. with L Brock; T Homer-Dixon; R Perelet; E Vlachos, 1997): Conflict and the Environment; (co-ed. with G Lindgren; N Mouhleb; S Smit; I de Soysa, 2000): Making Peace Pay: A Bibliography on Disarmament and Conversion; (co-ed. with P Diehl, 2001) Environmental Conflict; (co-ed. with G Schneider; K Barbieri 2003): Globalization and Armed Conflict; (co.ed. with G Schneider, 2013): Assessing the Capitalist Peace. He has also been guest-ed. and co-ed. of special journal issues including: European Journal of International Relations, 1(4): 405–574; Political Geography 26(6): 627–735; International Studies Review 12(1): 1–104; International Interactions 36(2): 107–213; Conflict Management and Peace Science 28(1): 5–85; International Interactions 38(4): 375–569; Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 1–267; International Studies Perspectives 13(3): 211–234; International Studies Review 15(3): 396–419.





Selected Videos with Nils Petter Gleditsch


Selected Books by Nils Petter Gleditsch in English

NPG, Odvar Leine, Hans-Henrik Holm, Tord Høivik,
Arne Martin Klausen, Erik Rudeng & Håkan Wiberg (eds) (1980):
Johan Galtung. A Bibliography of His Scholarly and
Popular Writings 1951–80.

Oslo: PRIO.

Wilkes, Owen & NPG (1987)
Loran-C and Omega.
A Study of the Military Importance
of Radio Navigation Aids.

Oslo & Oxford: Norwegian University Press &
Oxford University Press.

NPG & Olav Njølstad (eds) (1990)
Arms Races – Technological and
Political Dynamics.

London: SAGE.

NPG (Ed.):
Conversion and the Environment -
Proceedings of a Seminar in Perm, Russia,
24.27 November 1991.

PRIO Report No. 2
(Oslo: PRIO, May 1992).
NPG (guest ed.) (1992a)
Defence spending after the Cold War.
Cooperation and Conflict.
Special Issue 27(4): 323–441


NPG; Olav Bjerkholt & Ådne Cappelen (1994)
The Wages of Peace.
Disarmament in a Small Industrialized Economy.

London: SAGE.
NPG & Thomas Risse-Kappen (eds) (1995)
Democracy and peace.
European Journal of International Relations.

Special Issue 1(4): 405–574.

NPG; Olav Bjerkholt, Ådne Cappelen,
Ron P Smith & J Paul Dunne (eds) (1996)
The Peace Dividend.
In: Contributions to Economic Analysis.
Amsterdam: North-Holland

NPG; Lothar Brock, Thomas Homer-Dixon,
Renat Perelet & Evan Vlachos (eds) (1997)
Conflict and the Environment.
NATO ASI Series 2, Environment 33.
Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
NPG; Göran Lindgren, Naima Mouhleb,
Sjoerd Smit & Indra de Soysa (eds) (2000)
Making Peace Pay:
A Bibliography on Disarmament and Conversion.

Claremont, CA: Regina.
Diehl, Paul & NPG (eds) (2001)
Environmental Conflict.
Boulder, CO: Westview.
Schneider, Gerald;
Katherine Barbieri & NPG (eds) (2003)
Globalization and Armed Conflict.
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Nordås, Ragnhild & NPG (guest eds) (2007)
Climate change and conflict.
Political Geography 26(6): 627–735.
NPG & Gerald Schneider (guest eds) (2010)
A capitalist peace?
International Interactions 36(2): 107–213.
Revised and expanded version as
Gerald Schneider & NPG (eds) (2013)
Assessing the Capitalist Peace.
London: Routledge.
NPG; Gerald Schneider &
Sabine Carey (guest eds) (2010)
Exploring the past, anticipating the future.
Presidential symposium.
International Studies Review 12(1): 1–104.
Schneider, Gerald; NPG &
Sabine Carey (guest eds) (2011)
Prediction and forecasting.
Conflict Management and Peace Science 28(1): 5–85.
Bernauer, Thomas & NPG (guest eds) (2012)
Events data in the study of conflict.
International Interactions 38(4): 375–569.
NPG (guest ed.) (2012a)
Climate change and conflict.
Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 1–267

NPG (guest ed.) (2012b)
Open access in International Relations.
International Studies Perspectives
13(3): 211–234.


NPG; Steven Pinker, Bradley A Thayer,
Jack S Levy & William R Thompson (2013)
The forum: The decline of war.
International Studies Review
15(3): 396–419.
Books in Nordic Languages
NPG (ed.) (1965a)
Kamp uten våpen [Struggle without Arms].
Oslo: Pax. Revised Swedish edition (1971)
Kamp utan vapen. Stockholm: Prisma.
NPG (1970a)
Norge i verdenssamfunnet:
En statistisk håndbok
[Norway in the World Community:
A Statistical Handbook].
Oslo: Pax. Revised edition, 1988.
NPG & Sverre Lodgaard (1970)
Krigsstaten Norge [Norway – a Warfare State].
Oslo: Pax.
NPG; Øyvind Østerud &
Jon Elster (eds) (1974)
De utro tjenere. Embetsverket i EF-kampen
[Unfaithful Servants.
The Civil Service in the Common Market Struggle].
Oslo: Pax.
NPG & Ottar Hellevik (1977)
Kampen om EF
[The Common Market Struggle].
Oslo: Pax.
NPG; Sverre Lodgaard,
Owen Wilkes & Ingvar Botnen (1978)
Norge i atomstrategien
[Norway in the Nuclear Strategy].
Oslo: Pax.
Wilkes, Owen & NPG (1981)
Onkel Sams kaniner.
Teknisk etterretning i Norge

[Uncle Sam's Rabbits.
Technical Intelligence in Norway].
Oslo: Pax.
Botnen, Ingvar; NPG & Tord Høivik (1983)
Fakta om krig og fred
[Facts about War and Peace].
Oslo: Pax.
Also as volume 7 of Pax Leksikon.
NPG, Bjørn Møller, Håkan Wiberg & Ole Wæver (1990)
Svaner på vildveje? Nordens sikkerhed mellem
supermagtsflåder og europæisk opbrud

[Lost Swans? Nordic Security between
Superpower Fleets and a European Departure].
Copenhagen: Vindrose.
NPG; Pehr Enckell & Jørgen Burchard (eds) (1994)
Det vitenskapelige tidsskrift.
[The Scientific Journal].
Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers.
NPG (ed.) (1998)
Det nye sikkerhetsbildet.
Mot en demokratisk og fredelig verden

[The New Security Picture.
Toward a Democratic and Peaceful World].
Trondheim: Tapir.
Nils Petter Gleditsch, ed. (1987)
Et korps etter innfallsmetoden.
Bestum Skoles Musikkorps 50 år, 1937–1987

[A Whimsical School Band.
Bestum School Band 50 years, 1937–1987].
Oslo: BSM


On the Peace Research Institute Oslo


The Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) conducts research on the conditions for peaceful relations between states, groups and people. Researchers at PRIO work to identify new trends in global conflict, as well as to formulate and document new understandings of and responses to armed conflict. We seek to understand how people are impacted by, and cope with, armed conflict, and we study the normative foundations of peace and violence.

PRIO’s purpose is to conduct research for a more peaceful world. In pursuit of this, we cultivate academic excellence, communicate with communities of scholars, policy-makers, practitioners, as well as the general public, and we engage in shaping the global peace research agenda.

PRIO strives to be at the cutting edge analytically as well as in the impact of peace research on policy and practice.

About PRIO

Founded in 1959, the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) is an independent research institution known for its effective synergy of basic and policy-relevant research. PRIO also conducts graduate training and is engaged in the promotion of peace through conflict resolution, dialogue and reconciliation, public information and policymaking.

People at PRIO

PRIO has an international staff of approximately 75 (counted in person-years), of which more than 50 are researchers, including doctoral candidates. The institute maintains an administrative/support staff of 15. Within the Norwegian setting, PRIO staff stand out for their high levels of professionalism and their academic productivity. The Institute’s governing board consists of five external appointees and two staff members. PRIO is an equal opportunities employer and values staff diversity.

Research at PRIO

Research at the Institute is multidisciplinary and concentrates both on the driving forces as well as the consequences of violent conflict, and on ways in which peace can be built, maintained and spread. Projects carried out at the Institute are organized within thematic research groups, and researchers at PRIO are in addition organized in three administrative departments and the PRIO Cyprus Centre. From 2002 through 2012, PRIO hosted the Centre for the Study of Civil War (CSCW), a long-term, interdisciplinary initiative that was awarded Centre of Excellence status and core funding by the Research Council of Norway. The diversity of disciplines at PRIO creates a thriving research community that attracts both scholars and funding from around the world.

Journals at PRIO

The Institute owns and hosts the editorial offices of two international peer-reviewed journals – Journal of Peace Research and Security Dialogue – both of which are edited at PRIO and published by Sage Publications in London. In addition, PRIO houses the editors of International Area Studies Review and the Journal of Military Ethics. The Institute also publishes reports and policy briefs. Institute researchers maintain high levels of productivity in the form of peer-reviewed articles in top international journals and books with reputable academic publishers.

Research and Engagement

At PRIO, academic research and engagement in peace processes go hand in hand: all peacebuilding engagements are rooted in solid research competence and feed into ongoing research – and ultimately to published academic work. The Institute’s policy-relevant findings are in high demand among international bodies (the UN, the World Bank), NGOs, the media and governments, including a number of Norwegian ministries.

Oslo and Nicosia

The Institute is located in modern research facilities in central Oslo. It maintains a separate office in Nicosia: the PRIO Cyprus Centre (PCC). The PCC is committed to research and dialogue aimed at contributing to an informed public debate on key issues relevant to an eventual settlement of the Cyprus problem. Researchers attached to the PCC include both Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots.

Economy and Funders

Budgeted turnover for PRIO as a whole in 2015 is approximately 120 million Norwegian kroner (equivalent to roughly €13 million or $16 million). The Institute has a bottom-up and project-based budget model, where all research engagements depend on the acquisition of external funding. PRIO staff are skilled at combining research innovation with project-development initiative. Major sources of funding include the Research Council of Norway, Norwegian government ministries, the European Comission and a variety of international organizations and foundations.

Website: <>


On the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim

The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) is a public research university located in the city of Trondheim, Norway. NTNU is the second largest of the eight universities in Norway, and has the main national responsibility for higher education in engineering and technology. In addition to engineering and the natural and physical sciences, the university offers advanced degrees in other academic disciplines ranging from the social sciences, the arts, medicine, architecture, and fine art.

NTNU was formed in 1996 by the merger of the Norwegian Institute of Technology (NTH), the Norwegian College of General Sciences (AVH), the Museum of Natural History and Archaeology (VM), the Faculty of Medicine (DMF), the Trondheim Academy of Fine Art and the Trondheim Conservatory of Music (MiT). Prior to the 1996 merger, NTH, AVH, DMF, and VM together constituted the University of Trondheim (UNiT), which was a much looser organization. However, the university's roots go back to 1760, with the foundation of the Trondheim Society, which in 1767 became the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters. In 2010 the society, and NTNU, as the society's museum now is part of the university, celebrated its 250th anniversary to commemorate this history. NTNU itself celebrated the 100th anniversary of the foundation of NTH in the same year.

NTNU is governed by a board of 11 members. Two of the members are elected by and among the students.

The university consists of seven faculties with a total of 48 departments and has approximately 22,000 students:

  • Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art
  • Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology
  • Faculty of Humanities • Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology
  • Faculty of Information Technology, Mathematics and Electrical Engineering
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management

Academic and administrative staff contribute 5,100 person-years of which 3,100 are in education and research. NTNU has more than 100 laboratories and is at any time running some 2,000 research projects. Students and staff can take advantage of roughly 300 research agreements or exchange programs with 58 institutions worldwide.

NTNU's overall budget in 2011/2012 was 673 million euros, most of which came from the Norwegian Ministry of Education. Funding from the Research Council of Norway (NFR) totaled 82 million euros.

The university is home to four of 21 Norwegian Centers of Excellence. These are the Centre for Ships and Ocean Structures, the Centre for the Biology of Memory and the Centre for Quantifiable Quality of Service in Communication Systems. The Centre for the Biology of Memory is also one of four Kavli Neuroscience Institutes. In 2012 Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg opened the Norwegian Brain Centre as an outgrowth of NTNU's Kavli Institute one of the largest research laboratories of its kind in the world.

To increase open access publishing, NTNU has established a publishing fund. In 2008 NTNU's digital institutional repository was founded. The intention was to establish a full-text archive for the documentation of the scientific output of the institution, and to make as much as possible of the material available online, both nationally and internationally. In addition to research articles and books, intended for academics and researchers both inside and outside the university, NTNU disseminates news to the public about the institution and its research and results.

NTNU specializes in technology and the natural sciences, but also offers a range of bachelor's, master's and doctoral programmes in the humanities, social sciences, economics and public and business administration, and aesthetic disciplines. The university also offers professional degree programmes in medicine, psychology, architecture, the fine arts, music, and teacher education, in addition to technology.

NTNU had 84,797 applicants in 2011 and a total student population of 19,054, of whom 9,062 were women. There were 6,193 students enrolled in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, 3,518 in the Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology, 3,256 in the Faculty of Humanities, 3,090 in the Faculty of Information Technology, Mathematics, and Electrical Engineering, 2,014 in the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology, 1,071 in the Faculty of Medicine, and 605 in the Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art. About 3,500 bachelor and master degrees are awarded each year, and more than 5,500 participate in further education programmes.

NTNU has more than 300 cooperative or exchange agreements with 60 universities worldwide, and several international student exchange programmes. There are, at any given time, around 2,600 foreign students at the university.

Scientists at NTNU have so far been awarded four Nobel Prizes: Lars Onsager in Chemistry (1968); Ivar Giæver in Physics (1973) and Edvard Moser and May-Britt Moser in Medicine or Physiology (2014).

And for detailed topical information:


On NTNU’s Department of Sociology and Political Science

The Department of Sociology and Political Science at NTNU (ISS) offers bachelor and master studies in sociology, political science, and sports science, as well as master studies in media, communication, and information technology (MKI) and PhD programs in sociology and political science. Studies in sociology include courses in organisation and working life, social inequality and welfare, and media. Studies in political science include courses in international and comparative politics, public policy and administration, political theory, and political behaviour. Studies in sport science include courses in sport as activity and practical area, sports sociology, and child and youth sports. MKI is a multidisciplinary programme of study combined of courses from sociology, political science, media, psychology, educational science, and information technology. All programmes of study include courses in research methods. ISS has an active research environment consisting of several research groups working on local, national, and international projects. This department cooperates with national and international partners, as well as other departments at NTNU and research institutes in Trondheim. ISS emphasizes contact and collaboration with external institutions, such as industry and commerce, the public sector, and voluntary organisations. The Department has had close collaboration with PRIO for many years. In addition to Nils Petter Gleditsch, Scott Gates and Halvard Buhaug have for many years held joint positions at the two institutions.

For more information