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Human and Environmental
Security and Peace (HESP

Bonn Workshop 9-13 October 2005 at 6th Open Meeting of IHDP


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Antonio Marquina and
Hans Günter Brauch (Eds.):

Political Stability and Energy Cooperation in the Mediterranean

Collection STRADEMED, No. 10

Madrid: UNISCI - Mosbach: AFES-PRESS
September 2000, ISBN: 3-926979-91-7, 320 pp.
€ 40.00 - US $ 40.00 - £ 28 - SFr 75.


Introduction and Acknowledgements: Antonio Marquina

Part I: Stability in the Mediterranean

Chapter 1: Stability and Islamisation of Politics in North Africa
Bassam Tibi

Chapter 2: Political Stability in the Maghreb
José Antonio Sáinz de la Peña

Part II: Energy Policy in the Mediterranean

Chapter 3: Energy Cooperation and Stability in the Mediterranean
Abdelnour Keramane

Chapter 4: Sustainable EU Energy Policy Between Market Liberalisation and Environmental Obligations: Implications for the Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation
Hans Günter Brauch

Part III: Political Instability in the Caucasus

Chapter 5: Political (In)stability in the Caucasus
Mustafa Aydin

Chapter 6: Regional Security Policies in Armenia and Azerbaijan: The Difficult Transition in Perceptions and Strategies
Annie Jafalian

Part IV: Energy Issues and EU Policies on the Caucasus

Chapter 7: Economic and Political Aspects of Hydrocarbons in the Caspian Sea Region
Javier de Quinto

Chapter 8: Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union towards the Caucasus
Antonio Marquina

Part V: Debates and Proposals

Chapter 9: Debates and Proposals on Political Stability and Energy Cooperation in the Mediterranean: A Documentation
Alejandro Diz Rodrigues


Documents on Euro-Mediterranean Energy Policy

AFES-PRESS Press Release, 25.9.2000

Madrid/Mosbach. Two chapters deal with energy cooperation in the Mediterranean by Abdelnour Keramane, a former energy minister of Algeria on: "Energy Cooperation and Stability in the Mediterranean" (12 pp.) and by Hans Günter Brauch (Free University of Berlin) on: "Sustainable EU Energy Policy between Market Liberalisation and Environmental Obligations. Implications for the Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation" (80 pp.).

Four chapters by Mustafa Aydin (Ankara) and Annie Jafalian (Paris) deal with political instability and the "great game" on the oil and gas reserves in the Caspian and Central Asian regions and on the debate about the routing of the pipelines. Javier de Quinto (Madrid) analyses the economic and political aspects of hydrocarbons in the Caspian region while Antonio Marquina (Madrid) discusses the foreign and security policy of the European Union towards the Caucasus. The first two chapters by Bassam Tibi (Göttingen) and José Antonio Sáinz de la Peña deal with stability issues in the Mediterranean. The appendix contains 11 documents that are crucial for the EU Mediterranean energy policy.

The chapter by Brauch analyses the EU policy developments until June 2000 from an internal energy market towards a common EU policy, the environmental goals as determinants for energy policy, the legal foundations and a survey of the status of their implementation in the EU electricity market in 15 EU countries, and a more detailed analysis of the implementation of EU electricity liberalisation in Germany and Spain. On the background of recent EU energy and climate policy documents it discusses the 'window of opportunity' for renewables, and the new EU climate policy goals as of mid 2000 and the medium-term potential of the Kyoto flexible mechanisms: CDM, joint implementation and emissions trading both for the bilateral energy cooperation between Germany and Spain but also with respect to the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean region.

The chapter briefly reviews the activities of the Euro-Mediterranean Energy Forum (1997-2000) and discusses implications and opportunities of both energy liberalisation and sustainability goals for Euro-Mediterranean energy partnership. Brauch argues that if the new 'windows of opportunity' for sustainable energy policies for the EU member and Mediterranean partner countries are fully exploited, new competitive industries will emerge that will create not only domestic markets but also export markets for the new renewable energy systems and for their short-term products 'electricity' and their long-term potential for 'hydrogen' generated from renewables.

cst010; Language: English; Areas: energy, oil, gas, renewables, climate policy; Region: Mediterranean, Caucasus